Bedbugs are found everywhere. These parasites are nocturnal i.e. they are most active during the night. However, they are very opportunistic and will bite you any chance they get even if it’s during the day. It is imperative that you understand how to identify bedbug infestation so you don’t end up treating the wrong bug, which is very costly. Particular household pests look alike hence a precise identification is the most critical step of extermination. If a bedbug bites you, you may not feel it because it’s painless and depending on your skin, you may or may not develop itchiness and rashes. Otherwise, the presence of bedbugs is distressing. Call an expert bedbug exterminator on (800) 430-3778 if you need help.
The Appearance and Life Cycle of the Bedbugs
In general, an adult bedbug is 5 mm – 7 mm or an apple seed size or pinhead. It’s brown in color, oval, and balloon-like. As an insect, it is segmented into 3 parts- head, thorax, and abdomen. The mouthparts are very well-developed and the antennae are quite big. Its wings, however, cannot fly. Bedbugs have glands in their lower body which produce musty-sweetish odor. The nymphs (young bed bugs) are whitish-yellow and can almost be invisible especially when they have not had a meal. A bed bug goes through 6 stages before it develops fully; it is quite a complicated life – cycle. One of the reasons bedbugs are hard to eradicate is their ability to go for months without feeding. However, they are susceptible to high temperatures and that’s why heat treatment is the most effective method to exterminate them.
Bedbugs prefer human hosts because they survive exclusively on human blood. They feed on other animals only if people are not around. They get attracted to a host by exhaled carbon dioxide and the body heat generated. They particularly bite the arms and shoulders. As they suck blood, their feeding organ (proboscis) moves downward and forward to tear the skin of the host. Then they inject saliva which contains an anticoagulant- the element that causes allergic reactions in some individuals. They feed for about 5-10 minutes and their color changes from brownish to rust-red.
Bedbugs Hiding Spots
These are their most favored areas:
- Mattress seams
- Bedding materials – Blankets and sheets
- Cracks and crevices along walls
- Beneath wallpaper edges
- In carpet fibers
- Inside the seams and cracks of carpets
Rationales for Bedbug Infestation
Often, bedbugs are transported in luggage, old furniture, and bedding materials. They prefer highly populated areas as in the city’s hotels, apartments, motels, and student hostels. They can invade any house, especially where hygiene standards are low. But this does not mean that they cannot invade a clean environment. We advise people to remain vigilant and call us as soon as they detect the signs of infestation. The first warning sign could be a bite on a family member or reddish stains on bed sheets. You can also spot a bedbug in its hiding spot. Their excrement is dark or rusty and there is one indication you can never miss – the offensive musty and sweet odor in highly infested areas.
Distinguishing Characteristics of a Bedbug Bite
Do not confuse a bedbug bite with a mosquito bite. The bite produces the following symptoms:
- Skin reddening
- Damaged skin tissue, sometimes
- Big weals which turn red and fade away in a few days
- Localized skin swelling
How to Treat Bedbug Bites
Apparently, there is no known disease that’s transmitted by bedbugs but their bites are irritating. This is how you should handle a bedbug bite:
- Avoid scratching the areas as much as you can to avoid expanding the wound
- Wash with an antiseptic soap to minimize the possibility of secondary infection
- Relieve swelling with ice packs
- Treat the itchy sensation with anesthetic cream or calamine lotion
- If the symptoms persist, take painkillers or check with your doctor in case of an infection
To eliminate the bugs completely, call our Napa bedbug exterminators today. Meanwhile, maintain hygiene in your bedroom and vacuum your carpets regularly. Never use insecticides in your bedding.
Our qualified exterminators will assess the extent of the infestation and use the right techniques to kill bedbugs. We may revisit you to make sure that all lifecycle stages are eradicated.
Call (800) 430-3778 for more information on bed bug exterminators.
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